Geology is the study of earth, the minerals and rocks of which it is made. The study of the structures presents in the rocks and the effects of the natural forces acting upon them is essential to understand by civil engineers because all work performed by them involves earth and its features. The study helps to understand the causes and prevention of many geological activities like earthquakes, landslides and volcano. For a civil engineering project like dams, bridges, buildings etc. to be successful the engineers must understand the foundation rock and their structures, it also helps them to examine rocks for important metals, oil, natural gas and ground water.

  • To acquire basic knowledge of Geology and to understand its significance in various civil engineering projects.
  • To study of ‘Theory of Plate Tectonics’ which helps to explain much of the global-scale geology including the formation of mountains, oceans, different landforms and the occurrence and distribution of earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides etc
  • To study minerals and rocksin detail in order to understand their origin, texture, structure and classification which is helpful to comment on suitability of rock type for any civil engineering project
  • To study structural geology in order to understand deformational structures like fold, fault, joint, etc. and the forces responsible for their formation.
  • To study methods of surface and subsurface investigation, advantages and disadvantages caused due to geological conditions during the construction of dam and tunnel.
  • To study ground water zones, factors controlling water bearing capacity of rocks, geological work of ground water and techniques of recharge of groundwater